Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 26

26 ❙ FeedStrategy

Serghei Velusceac | AdobeStock.com

6 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY
recommended to combine wheat and triticale in the
same formula. Perhaps some of the issues with nonstarch polysaccharides can be addressed by the inclusion of an enzymatic cocktail, but this is not always
successful. It is thus best used in conjunction with corn
to supply no more than 50% of the cereal portion.

Bakery byproduct
Wikimedia Commons

Bread, cookies and snack industries can produce distinct
waste products, but all these waste streams are often
bought and mixed together to produce a more uniform
product, the bakery byproduct meal. This is quite available in the feed industry and its potential and problems
are well known. The major issue is that it may contain
too much fat (average of 10%) and/or salt (average
of 0.5% sodium), which must be taken into account
during product purchasing and feed formulation. A
good quality, fresh bakery byproduct meal can be used
without hesitation up to 10-15% in broiler feeds, being
particularly favored in starter diets due to the high
digestibility of the cooked ingredients.

Molasses

Nitr | AdobeStock.com

	

Triticale
Now and then, farmers will be convinced to raise
triticale, which is a hybrid between rye and wheat. It
offers certain advantages as a crop and contains the
average of problems found in its parent species. Thus,
it contains non-starch polysaccharides that are of
intermediate concentration and it can suffer from ergot
contamination. Otherwise, and especially with newer
varieties, it can be used like wheat although it is not

Another improbable ingredient for poultry, molasses is an
energy rich, semi-viscous material that contains sucrose
and fructose. It requires special equipment to incorporate
into the feeds, and it can freeze during cold months, but
it does help with pelleting and improves feed palatability.
Most feed mills cannot add more than 6% molasses into
feeds, for reasons pertaining to equipment, and this is the
maximum that can be used in broiler feeds, too. In most
cases, however, the actual inclusion rates are 2% to 4%
because molasses contains excess potassium that can lead
to increased dietary electrolyte balance. This leads to
increased water intake with subsequent problems arising
from wet litter. But, when potassium does not exceed 1%
in the final formula, then such problems should not arise.

In brief
The major issue with all these ingredients is not their energy
content, but rather their quality. Once quality is assured,
then feed professionals can use them without hesitation
regarding adverse effects. The exact inclusion levels should
be discussed carefully, and it is always best to start with a
conservative approach. As always, an experienced nutritionist
should be consulted to make the final decisions. ■

Ioannis Mavromichalis, Ph.D., is an animal nutrition industry consultant. To contact Mavromichalis, email
imavromichalis@icloud.com.
www.FeedStrategy.com ❙ March 2020

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Feed Strategy - March 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Feed Strategy - March 2020

Feed Strategy - March 2020
Contents
In the Mix
Industry Happenings
2020 Poultry Nutrition & Feed Survey: Poultry feed balances cost with market demands
Indian poultry to gain from food sector modernization
ASF, food trends, technology will leave their mark in 2020
Trustworthy dietary specifications for feed formulation
6 alternative energy sources for broilers
Vietnam’s feed industry sees market shifts, modernization
Mineral nutrition update for US pig feeds
Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Feed Strategy - March 2020
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Cover2
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Contents
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - In the Mix
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Industry Happenings
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 2020 Poultry Nutrition & Feed Survey: Poultry feed balances cost with market demands
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 5
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 6
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 7
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 8
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 9
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 10
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 11
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 12
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 13
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Indian poultry to gain from food sector modernization
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 15
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - ASF, food trends, technology will leave their mark in 2020
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 17
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 18
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 19
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Trustworthy dietary specifications for feed formulation
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 21
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 22
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 23
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 6 alternative energy sources for broilers
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 25
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 26
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 27
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Vietnam’s feed industry sees market shifts, modernization
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 29
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 30
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 31
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Mineral nutrition update for US pig feeds
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 33
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 34
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 35
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 36
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 37
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 38
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 39
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Cover3
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Cover4
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