Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 25

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FeedStrategy ❙ 25

Cassava meal

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This ingredient is the processed product of the cassava
tuber. The tuber has been peeled, chopped down, and
let to sun-dry to allow the hydrogen cyanide in the
roots to evaporate. We should look for sweet cassava
varieties as they contain the least residual hydrogen
cyanide and, if possible, we should test or receive
a guaranteed analysis reflecting their suitability for
animal feeding. Cassava arrives mostly as chips or
pellets, which require grinding, and then they can be
included in broiler feeds. This processed ingredient
often contains 60-70% starch (needs to be on the label)
and pretty much nothing else of real value. So, it is
a major energy source similar to corn, but with less
protein. With the necessary adjustments in nutrients, it
can be included in broiler diets up to half of the cereal
portion, which is roughly 25-30% in most common
formulas. This always assumes the best quality cassava
is used. Otherwise, the inclusion rate should be
adjusted so that animals do not receive more hydrogen
cyanide than they can detoxify easily. It is always best
to pellet cassava-based diets to avoid issues with excessive dustiness, unless grinding is done coarsely.

Dried pasta waste

M.studio | AdobeStock.com

Breakfast cereal fines
This is an unlikely ingredient to encounter, even in
bibliography, unless one is located close to a factory
that produces breakfast cereals for human consumption. As it happens, these industries sieve the final

product before bagging it to avoid excessive fine
particles turning off consumers. Thus, a good amount
of fines can be collected daily - even up to a truckload, in some cases. As these are mostly a mixture of
cooked cereals and sugar, their energy value is at least
as high as that of corn, their taste is exceptional and
they are produced daily so they can be secured in a
fairly fresh state. They contain about 20% sugar and
perhaps colorful particles, both of which can cause
some problems. Too much sugar in the gut can cause
osmotic diarrhea, whereas animal feeds with green-redblue specks in it will raise some eyebrows. With these
issues in mind, breakfast cereal fines can be included up
to 25% of the final diet, something that gives about 5%
added sugar, which is considered safe enough.

Pasta in its varied forms is consumed almost throughout
the world, and pasta industries exist in most countries.
These plants produce daily a respectable amount of
waste, ranging from over- and under-cooked pasta,
returned products (care is required here to avoid spoiled
products entering the feed chain), and any batch of pasta
that for some reason is considered inadequate for human
consumption. As most pasta products are just cooked
wheat flour, the waste product is mostly that, along with
any other minor ingredient that can be used in specialty
products. As expected, it contains very little if any
lipids and as such it is quite resistant to rancidity. From
pasta waste to a product that can be consumed by birds
requires some processing, but the end product can be
used rather freely, although most, again, do not exceed
50% of the cereal portion, or 25% of the total ration.
Too much finely ground wheat flour can cause beaks to
get sticky enough to make eating difficult for birds and
thus, products containing pasta waste should be pelleted.

March 2020 ❙ www.FeedStrategy.com

2003FSpoultry.indd 25

2/28/2020 1:56:01 PM


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Feed Strategy - March 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Feed Strategy - March 2020

Feed Strategy - March 2020
Contents
In the Mix
Industry Happenings
2020 Poultry Nutrition & Feed Survey: Poultry feed balances cost with market demands
Indian poultry to gain from food sector modernization
ASF, food trends, technology will leave their mark in 2020
Trustworthy dietary specifications for feed formulation
6 alternative energy sources for broilers
Vietnam’s feed industry sees market shifts, modernization
Mineral nutrition update for US pig feeds
Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Feed Strategy - March 2020
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Cover2
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Contents
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - In the Mix
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Industry Happenings
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 2020 Poultry Nutrition & Feed Survey: Poultry feed balances cost with market demands
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 5
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 6
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 7
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 8
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 9
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 10
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 11
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 12
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 13
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Indian poultry to gain from food sector modernization
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 15
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - ASF, food trends, technology will leave their mark in 2020
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 17
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 18
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 19
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Trustworthy dietary specifications for feed formulation
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 21
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 22
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 23
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 6 alternative energy sources for broilers
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 25
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 26
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 27
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Vietnam’s feed industry sees market shifts, modernization
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 29
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 30
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 31
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Mineral nutrition update for US pig feeds
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 33
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 34
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 35
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 36
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 37
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 38
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - 39
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Cover3
Feed Strategy - March 2020 - Cover4
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