Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 19

FeedStrategy ❙ 19

majority of organic soybean meal currently comes
from China, as does organic sunflower meal, used for
its protein, energy and fiber contribution.

Additive issues
There is a wide range of additives available to nutritionists
- enzymes, probiotics, phytochemicals, essential oils -
but, for those producing organic feed, the options are very
limited. Some of these products will
be ruled out of organic diets due to the
use of synthetic carriers or their production methods, e.g., solvent extraction
or GMOs. Others are maybe entirely
naturally derived but lack the relevant
organic accreditation.
Unfortunately, due to the small
size of the organic market, many
additive manufacturers don't have
organic certification. While there
are positive lists for ingredients
in organic feed, they can be listed
separately and may be different
for different accreditation bodies
and countries.
Combination additives can
also be an issue. For instance, the
addition of a specific organic acid
may be allowed, but including a
blend would need specific approval. There are no
heat-stable phytase products approved as organic,
although certain carbohydrases are available. This
means that choices to improve digestibility and efficiency are also limited.
To ensure animal welfare, antibiotics are allowed
to be used in organic diets when animals are sick. A
veterinary prescription and derogation for the organic
certification body are required. The withdrawal period
for medications, such as wormers, is often longer for
organic production and the number of times they can
be used in a flock is restricted.

Ingredients used in organic monogastric diets
In Europe, organic broilers are limited on growth
rates, e.g., 50 grams a day. For this reason, energy
levels and ratio to protein need to be managed. Slower
growing breeds are used, which helps somewhat with
the challenge of meeting methionine requirements. For
this reason, fish meal is used alongside soybean meal,
which results in organic broiler diets oversupplying
protein by 2 to 3%, which has implications for cost
and efficiency.
There is also, by necessity, less room for fiber than
in conventional diets and more soy is used.
Meanwhile, feed manufacturers see reductions in
price differences between organic and conventional
pig diets. One of the reasons is that there is more corn
available as growers convert to organic along with a
wider variety of raw materials available. Other main
ingredients include barley, wheat, lucerne, sunflower,
soy and peas.
As for broilers, the main challenge is methionine,
so again fishmeal is used, particularly in starter
diets. Similarly, this will lead to an oversupply of
protein - typically 1 to 2%. These diets need to be
more nutrient-dense and will often require the use of
a small percentage of non-organic ingredients, such
as sweet whey.
Barley will be used preferentially at 25 to 30%,
along with wheat and 25 to 30% corn - balanced
according to least cost formulation. Starter diets
contain 5 to 10% fish meal reducing in later diets due
to costs and the potential to taint meat. So, these diets
contain 20 to 25% soy expeller. Structural fiber is
important, although less so as animals have the opportunity to forage, e.g., sunflower will be used in sow
diets to improve satiety.
The main objectives remain, meeting basic nutrient
requirements while limiting wastage. In general, no
enzymes are included in organic pig diets, although
some contain an organic acid. Organic pigs will
have different genetics, which are robust and slower

Challenges of EU organic poultry feed requirements: https://bit.ly/36Fd5X4
December 2019 ❙ www.FeedStrategy.com


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Feed Strategy - December 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Feed Strategy - December 2019

Feed Strategy - December 2019
Contents
In the Mix
Industry Happenings
Mar-Jac Poultry feed mill built for capacity, expansion
A feed manufacturer’s watchlist for 2020
What feed formulators need to know about organic rations
Marketing nutrition by writing the article
Updating thinking on bioactive fatty acids in pig nutrition
Examining the components of optimal dairy cow nutrition
4 programs for the feed industry at 2020 IPPE
Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - CT1
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - CT2
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - Feed Strategy - December 2019
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - Cover2
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - Contents
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - In the Mix
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - Industry Happenings
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - Mar-Jac Poultry feed mill built for capacity, expansion
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 5
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 6
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 7
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 8
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 9
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 10
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 11
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 12
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 13
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - A feed manufacturer’s watchlist for 2020
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 15
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 16
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 17
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - What feed formulators need to know about organic rations
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 19
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 20
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 21
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - Marketing nutrition by writing the article
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 23
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - Updating thinking on bioactive fatty acids in pig nutrition
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 25
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 26
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 27
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 28
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 29
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - Examining the components of optimal dairy cow nutrition
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 31
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 32
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 33
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 34
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 35
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 36
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 37
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 4 programs for the feed industry at 2020 IPPE
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - 39
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - Cover3
Feed Strategy - December 2019 - Cover4
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