Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 19

FeedStrategy ❙ 19

REPLACE CORN WITH WHEAT
caked. This is hard to clean and remove for the birds and,
if in excess, birds tend to reduce their feed intake, and
consequently they grow slower and less efficiently. In fact,
poultry are known to perform well with whole wheat,
if this is done correctly, but this is a different feeding
approach. Otherwise, wheat, which contains more antinutritional factors such as non-starch polysaccharides
than corn, tends to affect poultry more than other species.
Therefore, it is in poultry that wheat-specific enzymes find
the greatest application. This does not mean that all wheatbased diets benefit from such enzymes, but rather when
wheat varieties rich in non-starch polysaccharides are used
at high concentrations or exclusively, then it is more likely
a wheat-specific enzyme will reduce the negative impact of
this issue.

Issues with swine

simply they do not need it to be ground to improve its
efficiency. In fact, whole wheat feeding is preferable in
certain cases, such as in very intensively raised young
beef cattle, where fiber and feed texture are lacking.
In fact, in such cases, whole barley is the ingredient
of choice. Wheat destined for dairy cows should be
monitored very closely for mycotoxins because some
of them are able to cross over from the gut to milk, and
mycotoxins should not be present in milk. Non-starch
polysaccharides in wheat do not appear to affect cattle,
as rumen bacteria are fully capable of converting most
of them to more useful compounds, but still not as
efficiently as starch. Enzymes do not appear to benefit
cattle fed wheat-based diets.

WHEAT IS IDEAL FOR
diets that contain
ingredients that are
hard to pellet, or for
animals that do not
chew their pellets.

Pigs are more likely to suffer from ulcers
when fed finely ground wheat in association
with other stress factors. Wheat-specific
enzymes appear less effective in pigs than
in poultry, for several reasons, whereas
hard pellets, which are a bonus for poultry,
are actually a detriment for pigs. Especially
for very young pigs, research has clearly
demonstrated that very hard pellets (virtually with no fines) actually depress feed intake and growth.
Thus, for young ages, wheat should be ground coarsely, and
only in later stages should wheat particle size be reduced.
Plus, meal diets based on finely ground wheat tend to
bridge (get stuck) more easily in bins and feeders, whereas
feeders quickly become engrossed with caked feed from
the interaction of feed with saliva and water.

Issues with cattle
Apart from everything that has been described above
regarding nutrient variability and mycotoxins, cattle
should be fed with coarsely ground wheat because

In general
The most important issue of wheat in animal diets is its
concentration of mycotoxins, which can be much different
than those in corn, and its degree of grinding fineness,
which affects pellet quality and the animal's ability to
consume feed. Cracked or whole wheat feeding is an
interesting practice, and there is a considerable volume of
literature on the topic, worth investigating in the case of
poultry and perhaps even ruminants.
In the end, sufficient characterization of wheat is key
to successfully feeding it to any class of animals, and the
same is true for any ingredient. ■

Ioannis Mavromichalis, Ph.D., is an animal nutrition industry consultant. To contact Mavromichalis, email
imavromichalis@icloud.com.
October 2019 ❙ www.FeedStrategy.com


http://www.FeedStrategy.com

Feed Strategy - October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Feed Strategy - October 2019

Feed Strategy - October 2019
Contents
In the Mix
Industry Happenings
Consumers, weather, trade sway 2019 dairy feed volumes
Tips for maximizing forage in ruminant rations
How to replace corn with wheat in modern animal diets
Marketing nutrition by following trends
What AGPs can teach us about growth promotion
Broad review of research presented during 2019 ESPN
Grinding: benefits of particle size modifications
Products
Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - CT1
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - CT2
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Feed Strategy - October 2019
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Cover2
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - CT3
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - CT4
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Contents
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - In the Mix
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Industry Happenings
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Consumers, weather, trade sway 2019 dairy feed volumes
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 5
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 6
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 7
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 8
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 9
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Tips for maximizing forage in ruminant rations
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 11
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 12
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 13
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 14
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 15
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - How to replace corn with wheat in modern animal diets
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 17
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 18
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 19
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 20
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 21
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Marketing nutrition by following trends
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 23
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - What AGPs can teach us about growth promotion
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 25
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 26
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 27
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Broad review of research presented during 2019 ESPN
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 29
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 30
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 31
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Grinding: benefits of particle size modifications
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 33
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 34
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 35
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 36
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 37
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Products
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - 39
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Cover3
Feed Strategy - October 2019 - Cover4
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201910
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201909
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201908
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201907
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201906
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201905
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201904
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201903
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201902
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201901
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201812
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201811
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201810
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201809
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201808
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201807
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201806
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201805
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201804
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201803
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201802/
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201801/
http://www.fi-digital.com/201710
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201711
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201711
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201710
http://www.fi-digital.com/201710
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201709
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201709
http://www.fi-digital.com/201708
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201707
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201707
http://www.fi-digital.com/201707
http://www.fi-digital.com/201706
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201705
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201705
http://www.fi-digital.com/201704
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201703
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201703
http://www.fi-digital.com/201702
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201701
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201701
http://www.fi-digital.com/201612
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201611
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201611
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201610
http://www.fi-digital.com/201610
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/watt/pigi_201609
http://www.fi-digital.com/201608
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201607
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201607
http://www.fi-digital.com/201607
http://www.fi-digital.com/201606
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201605
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201605
http://www.fi-digital.com/201604
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201603
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201603
http://www.fi-digital.com/201602
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201601
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201601
http://www.fi-digital.com/201512
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201511
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201511
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201510
http://www.fi-digital.com/201510
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/watt/pigi_201509
http://www.fi-digital.com/201508
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201507
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201507
http://www.fi-digital.com/201507
http://www.fi-digital.com/201506
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201505
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201505
http://www.fi-digital.com/201504
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201503
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201503
http://www.fi-digital.com/201502
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201501
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201501
http://www.fi-digital.com/201412
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201411
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201411
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201410
http://www.fi-digital.com/201410
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201409
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201409
http://www.fi-digital.com/201408
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201407
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201407
http://www.fi-digital.com/201407
http://www.fi-digital.com/201406
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201405
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201405
http://www.fi-digital.com/201404
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201403
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201403
http://www.fi-digital.com/201402
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201401
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201401
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/watt/pigi_201311
http://www.fi-digital.com/201311
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201310
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201309
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201309
http://www.fi-digital.com/201309
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201307
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201307
http://www.fi-digital.com/201307
http://www.fi-digital.com/201306
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201305
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201305
http://www.fi-digital.com/201305
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201303
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201303
http://www.fi-digital.com/201303
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201301
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201301
http://www.fi-digital.com/201301
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201211
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201211
http://www.fi-digital.com/201211
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201210
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201209
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201209
http://www.fi-digital.com/201209
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201207
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201207
http://www.fi-digital.com/201207
http://www.fi-digital.com/201206
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201205
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201205
http://www.fi-digital.com/201205
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201203
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201203
http://www.fi-digital.com/201203
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201201
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201201
http://www.fi-digital.com/201201
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com