Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 33

FeedStrategy ❙ 33

can cope even in arid areas with scarce or no lush
vegetation. But, in intensive farming systems, we must
load the rumen with more readily available forms of
energy (cereals) and proteins (such as soybean meal) in
order to derive the high milk yields we need to remain
profitable in a low-margin industry.
Naturally, when grains prevail over roughages in
the rumen, microbes that degrade fiber tend to die out
in favor of others that thrive on starch and proteins.
These different microbes, when they reach an excessive level, induce so much acidity that they make the
rumen hostile to further microbial growth, especially
for fibrolytic strains. That is, in very general terms,
what we call acidosis, which leads to rumen shutdown
and a host of other problems that can include even
pathological symptoms.
And, on top of that, these bacteria that utilize grains
so well produce too many gases, exceeding the animal's
capacity of getting rid of them. As such, the gases

accumulate and cause bloating that is a very visible
distress symptom that needs immediate attention as it
can threaten the life of the animal. Other conditions, and
even some specific roughages, contribute to bloating,
but here we examine the role of high-grain diets into the
combined problem of acidosis and bloating.
What can be done to prevent these two symptoms?
Here, we need to discuss the issue of prevention, not
only because it is preferable to a cure, but because
the latter often requires the collaboration of a veterinarian, and as such it is a totally different discussion.
The following seven steps can prevent or reduce the
incidences of acidosis and/or bloating, at least in some
degree, because we cannot cheat nature for too long.

1

Sodium bicarbonate

Adding some sodium carbonate (an alkali, or
anti-acidic compound) that, when in water solution - in the rumen - releases hydroxide anions that
neutralize hydrogen cations, brings rumen acidity (pH)
closer to neutral (7). There are two problems with this
approach: First, adding too much sodium carbonate
adds too much sodium in the diet and nothing in excess
is a good thing; second, too much carbonate can cause
excessive bloating (the soda effect in soft drinks.)
Thus, there is a limit to how much of this ingredient
can be added. The same is true for potassium bicarbonate, which is not so widely used.

2

Magnesium oxide

This is a direct antacid that rapidly increases
alkalinity and prevents acidosis. Its problem
is that it can be too effective, risking alkalosis - the
opposite of acidosis - with its own problems. Thus,
this too has limits on how much can be included in a
dairy ration. In fact, it is a blend of sodium bicarbonate
and magnesium oxide that is used most often.

Ruminants that are fed high-grain diets are
susceptible to acidosis and bloating.
Studio Peace | Bigstock.com

September 2019 ❙ www.WATTAgNet.com

3

Yeast

Whether dead or alive or fragmented, a small
amount of yeast can help ruminants sustain a
healthier rumen ecology, meaning a more robust fybrolytic bacterial population that is not easily affected


http://www.Bigstock.com http://www.WATTAgNet.com

Feed Strategy - September 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Feed Strategy - September 2019

Feed Strategy - September 2019
Contents
In the Mix
Industry Happenings
Top Feed Companies: 102 companies rise to the top in 2018 Report highlights global compound animal feed manufacturers producing volumes over 1 million metric tons in 2018.
5 regulatory considerations for EU feed manufacturers
EU aligns biosecurity measures to contain ASF
Marketing nutrition through your own newsletter
How do the nutritional values of wheat compare to corn?
7 ways to prevent acidosis, bloating in dairy cows
Broiler feed form, particle size assists performance
Products
Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Feed Strategy - September 2019
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - CT2
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Cover1
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Cover2
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Contents
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - In the Mix
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Industry Happenings
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Top Feed Companies: 102 companies rise to the top in 2018 Report highlights global compound animal feed manufacturers producing volumes over 1 million metric tons in 2018.
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 5 regulatory considerations for EU feed manufacturers
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 6
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 7
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 8
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 9
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 10
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 11
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 12
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 13
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - EU aligns biosecurity measures to contain ASF
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 15
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 16
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 17
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 18
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 19
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 20
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 21
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 22
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 23
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 24
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 25
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Marketing nutrition through your own newsletter
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 27
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - How do the nutritional values of wheat compare to corn?
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 29
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 30
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 31
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 7 ways to prevent acidosis, bloating in dairy cows
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 33
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 34
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 35
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Broiler feed form, particle size assists performance
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 37
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 38
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 39
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 40
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 41
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Products
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - 44
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Cover3
Feed Strategy - September 2019 - Cover4
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201909
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201908
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201907
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201906
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201905
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201904
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201903
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201902
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201901
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201812
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201811
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201810
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201809
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201808
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201807
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201806
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201805
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201804
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201803
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201802/
http://www.feedstrategy-digital.com/201801/
http://www.fi-digital.com/201710
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201711
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201711
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201710
http://www.fi-digital.com/201710
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201709
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201709
http://www.fi-digital.com/201708
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201707
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201707
http://www.fi-digital.com/201707
http://www.fi-digital.com/201706
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201705
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201705
http://www.fi-digital.com/201704
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201703
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201703
http://www.fi-digital.com/201702
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201701
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201701
http://www.fi-digital.com/201612
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201611
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201611
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201610
http://www.fi-digital.com/201610
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/watt/pigi_201609
http://www.fi-digital.com/201608
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201607
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201607
http://www.fi-digital.com/201607
http://www.fi-digital.com/201606
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201605
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201605
http://www.fi-digital.com/201604
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201603
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201603
http://www.fi-digital.com/201602
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201601
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201601
http://www.fi-digital.com/201512
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201511
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201511
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201510
http://www.fi-digital.com/201510
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/watt/pigi_201509
http://www.fi-digital.com/201508
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201507
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201507
http://www.fi-digital.com/201507
http://www.fi-digital.com/201506
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201505
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201505
http://www.fi-digital.com/201504
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201503
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201503
http://www.fi-digital.com/201502
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201501
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201501
http://www.fi-digital.com/201412
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201411
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201411
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201410
http://www.fi-digital.com/201410
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201409
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201409
http://www.fi-digital.com/201408
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201407
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201407
http://www.fi-digital.com/201407
http://www.fi-digital.com/201406
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201405
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201405
http://www.fi-digital.com/201404
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201403
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201403
http://www.fi-digital.com/201402
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201401
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201401
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/watt/pigi_201311
http://www.fi-digital.com/201311
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201310
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201309
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201309
http://www.fi-digital.com/201309
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201307
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201307
http://www.fi-digital.com/201307
http://www.fi-digital.com/201306
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201305
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201305
http://www.fi-digital.com/201305
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201303
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201303
http://www.fi-digital.com/201303
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201301
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201301
http://www.fi-digital.com/201301
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201211
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201211
http://www.fi-digital.com/201211
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201210
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201209
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201209
http://www.fi-digital.com/201209
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201207
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201207
http://www.fi-digital.com/201207
http://www.fi-digital.com/201206
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201205
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201205
http://www.fi-digital.com/201205
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201203
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201203
http://www.fi-digital.com/201203
http://www.feedmanagement-digital.com/201201
http://www.piginternational-digital.com/201201
http://www.fi-digital.com/201201
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com