Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 10

10 ❙ FeedStrategy
PIGLET WELFARE
deterioration that will happen at the worst case scenario in
80 to 120 years from now?
I say we did not respect the welfare of piglets and
we leave them to suffer from diarrhea because of a truly
misguided notion that we should ban zinc oxide now.
What is worse? Not having a toy to play with or die from
uncontrollable diarrhea? How do we define welfare, after
all, if basic needs are not met first? Have we made yet
another terrible mistake?

We need more time, different policy

such system of zinc re-distribution, and the "honor" system
has proven inadequate in most cases, as we all know very
well. So, we are heading for another crisis in piglet health
and welfare when zinc oxide is finally "outlawed." Pigs will
start scouring and dying again, and their welfare will be
sacrificed for the good of the environment - of which, one
can argue, they too are a significant part.
Not being a policymaker myself, I cannot even pretend
to understand the balances and needs of the general good.
But, I know as a nutritionist, and I believe my veterinarian
colleagues will agree, and producers will applaud, that we
need either more time or more resources to find an alternative to zinc oxide. There is still time to lobby for that, now
that we have lost the battle over antibiotics. Let us not repeat
the same mistake and ban a vital ingredient before we find a
viable replacement. History buffs will tell us that we do not
learn from our mistakes, and I think this is what will happen.

It can be said that we have been given ample warning
and lead time (until 2022) to get rid of zinc oxide. This
is simply not enough when we are being pressured at the
same time to reduce use of therapeutic use of antibiotics
that could help in the transition period. We need more time.
In fact, I would personally argue, we need a different
policy, at least until we find a
strong replacement for those
EU-US feed industries partner on sustainable,
ingredients that control
safe feed production: www.WATTAgNet.com/
diarrhea in weaned pigs. I
articles/37926
would argue that we should
allow a certain but efficient
level of zinc oxide at the crucial
Re-education on diet
2-3 weeks postformulation
weaning, while
Before closing, let me address
drastically reducing
an issue that I am sure this will
the amount of
bring up. Yes, we have a great number of diarrhea controlzinc (as a nutrient) in the final stages, where animals
ling products. Some work, some not so well, but they are out
consume 75% of their feed. That is, reduce zinc in excreta
there in the market. So, if that is true, one can reasonably
(the desired outcome) but balance it out. Research exists
argue why wait for the ban on zinc oxide? Simply because
that supports the notion pigs can do with less zinc in the
some do not work as effectively, and (or) because their use
growing-finishing period, so this is doable from a producrequires a level of sophistication that is beyond current reach
tion point of view.
at the farm/feed mill level. We need more education, indeed,
There is a problem, however, even with this proposal
we need re-education on how to formulate diets without the
and this is why, I believe, policymakers decided to place a
good old antibiotics and zinc oxide. And, lamentably, we
horizontal reduction on zinc and a ban on pharmacological
have lost the ability to research and educate the next generalevels of zinc oxide in particular. There is no way to "police"
tion of nutritionists to do just that: reinvent piglet nutrition. ■
Ioannis Mavromichalis, Ph.D., is an animal nutrition industry consultant. To contact Mavromichalis, email
imavromichalis@icloud.com.

www.WATTAgNet.com ❙ July 2019


https://www.wattagnet.com/articles/37926-eu-us-feed-industries-partner-on-sustainable-safe-feed-production https://www.wattagnet.com/articles/37926-eu-us-feed-industries-partner-on-sustainable-safe-feed-production http://www.WATTAgNet.com

Feed Strategy - July 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Feed Strategy - July 2019

Feed Strategy - July 2019
Contents
In the Mix
Industry Happenings
Consumers invested in animal welfare, but knowledge is limited
Piglet welfare is compromised by feed regulations
Nutritional strategies for piglet diets without zinc oxide
Marketing nutrition through your own local offices
Retiring AFIA CEO Joel Newman’s advice for feed industry
Nutritional factors that influence milk quality, composition
Modern dairy cows deserve modern vitamin nutrition
The effect of feed particle size on pig health
SPACE to focus on many issues facing agriculture
The latest in bulk feed transportation equipment
Products
Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - CT1
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - CT2
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Feed Strategy - July 2019
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Cover2
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Contents
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - In the Mix
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Industry Happenings
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Consumers invested in animal welfare, but knowledge is limited
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 5
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 6
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 7
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Piglet welfare is compromised by feed regulations
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 9
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 10
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 11
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 12
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 13
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 14
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 15
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 16
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 17
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 18
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Nutritional strategies for piglet diets without zinc oxide
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 20
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 21
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Marketing nutrition through your own local offices
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 23
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Retiring AFIA CEO Joel Newman’s advice for feed industry
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 25
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 26
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 27
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Nutritional factors that influence milk quality, composition
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 29
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 30
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 31
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Modern dairy cows deserve modern vitamin nutrition
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 33
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 34
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 35
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - The effect of feed particle size on pig health
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 37
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 38
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 39
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - 40
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - SPACE to focus on many issues facing agriculture
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - The latest in bulk feed transportation equipment
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Products
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Advertisers’ Index
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Cover3
Feed Strategy - July 2019 - Cover4
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